Biotechnology Research in an Age of Terrorism
Committee on Research Standards and Practices to Prevent the Destructive Application of Biotechnolog
|Subject||Biological Warfare -- prevention & control.
Biotechnology. -- fast -- (OCoLC)fst00832729
Bioterrorism -- prevention & control.
Bioterrorism -- Prevention.
Bioterrorism -- Prevention. -- fast -- (OCoLC)fst00832826
Confidentiality -- United States.
Government Regulation -- United States.
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Political Freedom & Security -- Law Enforcement. -- bisacsh
Terrorism -- prevention & control.
Terrorism -- Prevention.
Terrorism -- Prevention. -- fast -- (OCoLC)fst01148123
War on Terrorism, 2001-
In recent years much has happened to justify an examination of biological research in light of national security concerns. The destructive application of biotechnology research includes activities such as spreading common pathogens or transforming them into even more lethal forms. Policymakers and the scientific community at large must put forth a vigorous and immediate response to this challenge. This new book by the National Research Council recommends that the government expand existing regulations and rely on self-governance by scientists rather than adopt intrusive new policies. One key recommendation of the report is that the government should not attempt to regulate scientific publishing but should trust scientists and journals to screen their papers for security risks, a task some journals have already taken up. With biological information and tools widely distributed, regulating only U.S. researchers would have little effect. A new International Forum on Biosecurity should encourage the adoption of similar measures around the world. Seven types of risky studies would require approval by the Institutional Biosafety Committees that already oversee recombinant DNA research at some 400 U.S. institutions. These "experiments of concern" include making an infectious agent more lethal and rendering vaccines powerless.