Gender and Development in the Middle East and North Africa
Women in the Public Sphere
Decades of investment and improved policies have greatly increased womens education and health and led to a reduced fertility rate in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. However, the expected payoffs in terms of higher employment and economic growth have not been realised, due to cultural and political barriers, with only a third of women active in the labour market, the lowest rate in the world. Part of a series of reports prepared for the 2003 World Bank/IMF annual meetings, this book considers the complexity of gender issues in the region, explores the causes of gender inequality, and proposes an agenda for change. It includes a CD-ROM containing household survey data and a statistical appendix.