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Ancestral spirit mediumship in southern Thailand: The nora performance as a symbol of the south on the periphery of a Buddhist nation-state.


Since the 1970s, new forms of spirit mediumship emerged in urban Thailand. Spirits and their mediums answered the modern needs of clients as the country underwent a major transition from an agriculture-based society to a globalized industrial economy. Meanwhile, there has been a weakening in state Buddhism and an increase in small, independent religious groups.