Control of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus in oysters.
Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus are gram- negative halophilic bacteria found in the natural aquatic environment. V. vulnificus and V. parahaemolyticus have been implicated in foodborne illness and can cause gastroenteritis that has been associated with consumption of raw or undercooked seafood. V. vulnificus can cause primary septicemia after its ingestion, and secondary septicemia through skin lesions in individuals with preexisting conditions such as elevated serum iron levels. Bacteriophages, viruses that invade and lyse bacteria, specific to V. vulnificus and V. parahaemolyticus are naturally found in seawater and oysters.