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Investigations of the distribution, diversity, and dynamics of mesophilic and thermophilic actinomycetes that produce hydrolytic enzymes and antifungal metabolites.


Actinomycetes are an enormous reservoir for antibiotics and bioactive metabolites, and many are excellent biocontrol agents for use in protecting plants against phytopathogens. Although thousands of antibiotics and bioactive metabolites have been described, these are thought to represent only a small fraction of the bioactive compounds produced by actinomycetes. The search for novel products now focuses on searching for rare genera of actinomycetes or characterizing actinomycetes isolated from unusual, previously unstudied or little- studied environments. In the present research we characterized actinomycete populations from such habitats, including a horse manure compost and soils associated with various plant rhizospheres.