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Hand hygiene compliance and nurse patient ratio: A descriptive study.


Hand Hygiene (HH) either by hand washing or hand disinfections can prevent nosocomial infections (NIs), particularly in high-risk areas of the hospital. Previous studies of HH compliance have shown that there is a serious paucity of research on the effect of specific nurse patient ratios on HH compliance rates. Most HH research was based on self-report. Health care workers (HCWs) overestimated their compliance with HH. Two methods were used to collect data in this study to prevent HH overestimation, and to develop objective observational indicators of HH compliance. These two methods were videotaping and self-report. The framework for this study is Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB).