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Clinical and economic outcomes of intra-abdominal surgery patients who develop hospital-acquired pneumonia.


According to the American Thoracic Society (ATS) (1995), Hospital Acquired Pneumonia (HAP) is the second most frequent category of nosocomial infection in tertiary care settings. HAP is the leading cause of death among patients with hospital acquired infections, accounting for more than 50% of the deaths related to nosocomial infections. In the surgical population, mortality from postoperative HAP ranges from 19 to 45%, increasing to 65% in patients after septic intra-abdominal surgery.