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Korean fishing communities in transition


State and local resource management institutions have seldom been studied together in three dimensions: the national and local geographic scales, state and the fishing village cooperative mode of governance, and the common and private ownership of resources. The bifurcated control system of the coast (the local management institution and the state), I claim, is the key to analyzing the pattern of institutional change in the fisheries sector because common resources have both public and private property features, and requires more than state ownership of the coastal resources. The findings in this analysis indicate that state regulations lagged behind the fast changing cooperative response to the economic and environmental change, External input such as external investment and external labor influences the degree of privatization of local common resources, and has accelerated tourism development.