Boundaries and pathways: Indigenous identity, ancestral domain, and forest use in Palawan, the Philippines.
Indigenous people, their allies, and the states they have challenged have centered their contests over rights and resources on the issue of boundaries---boundaries of territory and boundaries of identity. In the case of one Philippine indigenous community and its struggle for state recognition of its ancestral domain, however, this study finds that boundaries are less important than "pathways," i.e., flows across boundaries. If boundaries represent social relations of inclusion and exclusion from group membership and access to resources, pathways indicate social relations of access and exchange. This dissertation examines how local responses to changing macro political- economic factors, in particular migration, markets, and state interventions, transform these boundary and pathway relations, and thereby resource use patterns and the productivity and diversity of the landscapes they shape.