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Mara: Psychopathology and evil in the Buddhism of India and Tibet.


Mara, known also by names such as Samsara-guru and Kamadeva, embodies psychopathology and evil as conceived in the Buddhism of India and Tibet. Buddhist tradition identifies Mara with pathological mental states. It characterizes mental states as pathological if they support the involvement of sentient beings in the endless round of birth and death known as the samsara. It identifies Mara with evil, and characterizes various living beings (as well as physical and environmental factors) as evil to the extent that they function to support involvement in the samsara and to obstruct its transcendence.