An assessment of spatial differentiation in Vietnam's social-economic development, 1990--2000.
Significant changes have been taking place in the process of national development in Vietnam since the late 1980s. Adjustments made in the country's international policy and economic policy have the effect of returning it into the world's economic development mainstream and, eventually, bringing about a steady economic performance not observed before. However, efficiency-based growth in general and the export-oriented development model in particular may also cause a distinctive pattern of uneven development in the form of disparities across space and population strata. This trend is known as the polarization reversal hypothesis, an argument advanced by Western neo-classical scholars in order to deter an active public policy intervention aimed at alleviating inequalities.